According to the research of some employs from UNHRC more than 10-20% of Afghan populations who’ve emigrated to various nations or residing in Afghanistan are Atheists and nonreligious . While the government of Afghanistan doesn’t recognize them officially as Atheists under the constitution’s sharia law .
Afghanistan is a Safe place for Atheists and nonreligious peoples ! while it’s not even safe for nonmuslims as well .According to a study by the International Humanist and Ethical Union , Afghanistan is one of the seven countries in the world (the other six being Iran, the Maldives, Mauritania, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Sudan) where being an atheist or a convert can lead to a death sentence.According to the 2012 WIN-Gallup Global Index of Religion and Atheism report, Afghanistan ranks among the countries where people are least likely to admit to being an atheist .
Apostasy in Afghanistan
Apostasy is a crime under the sharia of Afghanistan. Although Hindus and Sikhs have been living peacefully for centuries, apostates are not seen kindly. Apostates, including atheists, are considered safe if they were brought up as Muslim and do not make their beliefs public. Apostates are usually disowned by their families. Apostasy and conversion to atheism carry death sentences in Afghanistan’s Islamic legal system. Mob lynchings have also been known to happen
In January 2014, an Afghan man living in the UK since 2007 was granted asylum under the 1951 Refugee Convention. The man’s legal team argued that he may face a death sentence if he returned. He had come to the UK with his family when he was 16, and had become an atheist while living there.
Freedom of religion in Afghanistan has changed in recent years because the current government of Afghanistan has only been in place since 2002, following a U.S.-led invasion which displaced the former Taliban government. The Constitution of Afghanistan is dated January 23, 2004, and its initial three articles mandate:
Afghanistan shall be an Islamic Republic, independent, unitary, and indivisible state.
The sacred religion of Islam shall be the religion of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Followers of other faiths shall be free within the bounds of law in the exercise and performance of their religious rights.
No law shall contravene the tenets and provisions of the holy religion of Islam in Afghanistan